ID   GEM-81
AC   CVCL_4206
SY   GEM 81; GEM81; Goldfish Erythrophoroma-81
DR   CLO; CLO_0051592
DR   RCB; RCB1174
DR   Wikidata; Q54835555
RX   CelloPub=CLPUB00627;
RX   PubMed=2793781;
RX   PubMed=6287577;
RX   PubMed=6468803;
RX   PubMed=6928999;
CC   Group: Fish cell line.
CC   Doubling time: 31 hours (PubMed=6928999).
CC   Cell type: Erythrophore; CL=CL_0000574.
CC   Breed/subspecies: Wakin.
DI   NCIt; C134562; Goldfish erythrophoroma
OX   NCBI_TaxID=7957; ! Carassius auratus (Goldfish)
SX   Sex unspecified
AG   Age unspecified
CA   Cancer cell line
DT   Created: 04-04-12; Last updated: 05-10-23; Version: 17
RX   CelloPub=CLPUB00627;
RA   Matsumoto J., Ishikawa T., Masahito P.H., Takayama S.;
RT   "Erythrophoromas and irido-melanophoromas in fish: establishment of
RT   cell lines, in vitro properties, and pigmentation.";
RL   (In) Phenotypic expression in pigment cells. Proceedings of the XIth international pigment cell conference Sendai, Japan, 1980; Seiji M. (eds.), pp.515-525; University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo (1981).
RX   PubMed=2793781; DOI=10.1007/BF02623665;
RA   Chou S.-C., Taylor J.D., Tchen T.T.;
RT   "Isolation of melanized cell lines with stable phenotypes from a
RT   goldfish erythrophoroma cell line and cryopreservation of these cells
RT   by the use of autologous serum.";
RL   In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. 25:813-820(1989).
RX   PubMed=6287577; DOI=10.1126/science.6287577;
RA   Matsumoto J., Lynch T.J., Grabowski S.M., Taylor J.D., Tchen T.T.;
RT   "Induction of melanized cells from a goldfish erythrophoroma:
RT   isolation of pigment translocation variants.";
RL   Science 217:1149-1151(1982).
RX   PubMed=6468803; DOI=10.1111/j.1432-0436.1984.tb01405.x;
RA   Matsumoto J., Ishikawa T., Masahito P.H., Takayama S., Taylor J.D.,
RA   Tchen T.T.;
RT   "Clonal heterogeneity in physiological properties of melanized cells
RT   induced from goldfish erythrophoroma cell lines.";
RL   Differentiation 27:36-45(1984).
RX   PubMed=6928999; DOI=10.1093/jnci/64.4.879;
RA   Matsumoto J., Ishikawa T., Masahito P.H., Takayama S.;
RT   "Permanent cell lines from erythrophoromas in goldfish (Carassius
RT   auratus).";
RL   J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 64:879-890(1980).